Old Skool Computing
If you are a windows user you are probably familiar with the DOS prompt (start >> run >> cmd). Or you probably remember the post I wrote some time ago about the batch script.
Every now and then it comes in handy to know a few DOS commands, to automise a task or to recover some data from a crashed windows installation.
Below you can find a few very commonly used DOS commands with some information. I won’t sum up all the options that are available for the commands. Since the article would become way to long and too complex.
If you need more info about a command you can leave a comment and I’ll get back to you with more info.
- cd: change disk. Use this to change the directory in DOS. This is used for navigation in other words
- dir: this command allows you to see files and folders within a directory
- copy: do I really need to explain this? One note, you can only copy file(s) with this command
- xcopy: variant of the copy command. You can also move folders with this command
- move: this allows you to move files and folders from one location to another (something like cut/paste in other words)
- del: this allows you to delete files from you computer
- deltree: allows you to remove a directory with all off the files and subfolders (use with care!!)
- ren: allows you to rename files and folders
- cls: clear screen. this will remove all the completed commands from the command prompt
- format: can be used to format drives (HDD, USB, etc..)
- chkdsk: verifies a storage volume
- echo: prints something to screen
- exit: go figure
- help: gives.. help… about DOS…
- mkdir: create a directory
- pause: this is used mostly in a script. This prompts a user to “press the any key” to continue
- color: allows you to change the color of the dos prompt
- find: search for text within a file
- ftp: allows you to connect to a ftp server
- ipconfig: shows the ip configuration of the network adaptors
- netstat: displays the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information
- ping: test the connectivity to another netwerk device or server
- shutdown: shutdown or reboot the computer
- tracert: view the route across the network
These are just a set of commonly used DOS commands. I’m fully aware that there are a lot more commands. But let us start with these ones ;-).
Most commands cannot be executed without giving extra options.